Co-written with Nahid Sahel Gozin


Over the past centuries, classical physics has served as an effective theory to explain the nature. However, today many puzzles and paradoxes have emerged that cannot be explained within the context of classical mechanics.


Read more: Complex Numbers

singularity 2

SINGULARITY - A Fundamental Entity

We must try to understand the beginning of the universe on the basis of science. It may be a task beyond our power, but we should at least make the attempt.

Steven Hawking

So far, the scientific community has sought to uncover the secrets of our material world. In this endeavor we have progressed quite far.

Read more: Singularity


JUlia Implant flowers007

Isaac Newton believed that space is the background in which motion takes place. Therefore, he took space as an actual body and as the absolute benchmark for the universe. On the contrary, Gottfried Leibnitz believed that heavenly bodies move relative to each other and that there is no background. Thus, he denied that space is an actual entity. Ernst Mach had a similar idea, but he introduced acceleration as a contributing factor for the motion of stars. He also believed that the relative motion of heavenly bodies is affected by the distribution of mass throughout the universe.

Read more: Singularity Space-Time



JUlia Implant flowers009

The wave function of sub-atomic particles” was introduced in response to the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. The uncertainty principle asserts that we cannot be certain about the precise location and momentum of a particle simultaneously. The concept maintains that objects have particle-like and wave-like properties at the same time. Different models have been introduced to explain this paradoxical concept. Max Born postulated that wave function does not represent an actual wave but the probability of finding a particle in a particular place.

Read more: Wave-Particle Function


JUlia Implant flowers005

The Big Bang Theory implies that the space-time does not stretch out indefinitely but rather the universe has an outer boundary, which is expanding. In this model, I picture the universe as a sponge. Therefore, I hypothesize that the universe also has internal boundaries, or interfaces with whatever that does or does not exist out of boundaries of space-time. I have further assumed that the proposed singularity exists out of the internal boundaries of space-time as well. Hereafter, I will call the inside boundaries the Planck pores. This model also assumes that consciousness originate from beyond the boundaries of space-time.

Read more: Boundaries and Evidences

© 2008 . All rights reserved.